Assets and Cache Busting

We'll want to add assets to our project such as images, css and perhaps javascript (but hopefully not javascript).

Cache busting is where we invalidate a cached file and force the browser to retrieve the file from the server. We can instruct the browser to bypass the cache by simply changing the filename. To the browser, this is a completely new resource so it will fetch the resource from the server. The most common way to do this is to add the hash of the file to the URL.

We can also generate some code so the assets are available in our Rust pages and then we get the added benefit that if the files are deleted or names are changed we get compiler errors.

Create an Asset Pipeline

cargo init --lib crates/web-assets

Add an image

Add the following to crates/web-assets/images/avatar.svg

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<svg width="800px" height="800px" viewBox="0 0 32 32" xmlns="">
  <g id="avatar" transform="translate(-1407 -182)">
    <circle id="Ellipse_16" data-name="Ellipse 16" cx="15" cy="15" r="15" transform="translate(1408 183)" fill="#e8f7f9" stroke="#333" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-width="2"/>
    <g id="Group_49" data-name="Group 49">
      <circle id="Ellipse_17" data-name="Ellipse 17" cx="4.565" cy="4.565" r="4.565" transform="translate(1418.435 192.13)" fill="#fff1b6" stroke="#333" stroke-miterlimit="10" stroke-width="2"/>
      <path id="Path_53" data-name="Path 53" d="M1423,213a14.928,14.928,0,0,0,9.4-3.323,9.773,9.773,0,0,0-18.808,0A14.928,14.928,0,0,0,1423,213Z" fill="#fff1b6" stroke="#333" stroke-miterlimit="10" stroke-width="2"/>

Using Ructe for Cache Busting

We'll use Ructe to generate code that allows to access assets in a typesafe way. Ructe also handles hashing so that we never have to worry about the browser deploying the wrong CSS or Images.

Create a crates/web-assets/ so that the main method looks like the following.

use ructe::{Result, Ructe};

fn main() -> Result<()>  {

    let mut ructe = Ructe::from_env().unwrap();
    let mut statics = ructe.statics().unwrap();


Setup our dependencies

cd crates/web-assets
cargo add [email protected]
cargo add --build [email protected] --no-default-features -F mime03

Ructe will now take our assets and turn them into rust functions. It handles creating a hash for the assets so we get good browser cache busting.

Export the Assets

We needs to export our assets from our crate overwrite the crates/web-assets/src/

include!(concat!(env!("OUT_DIR"), "/"));

pub use templates::statics as files;

Configuring a route for our assets

Back to our web-server crate.

create a new file crates/web-server/src/ and add the following function.

use axum::extract::Path;
use axum::response::IntoResponse;
use axum::body::Body;
use axum::http::{header, HeaderValue, Response, StatusCode};
use web_assets::templates::statics::StaticFile;

pub async fn static_path(Path(path): Path<String>) -> impl IntoResponse {
    let path = path.trim_start_matches('/');

    if let Some(data) = StaticFile::get(path) {
    } else {

And add the following route in crates/web-server/src/ in the section where we defined our routes.

.route("/static/*path", get(static_files::static_path))

And change the mod section so it includes the following.

mod static_files;

Using our image

Let's add the image to the page.

In our crates/web-pages directory run...

cargo add --path ../web-assets

And update the crates/web-pages/src/ so it includes our image.

use crate::layout::Layout;
use db::User;
use dioxus::prelude::*;
use web_assets::files::avatar_svg;

// Take a Vec<User> and create an HTML table.
pub fn IndexPage(users: Vec<User>) -> Element {
    rsx! {
        Layout {    // <-- Use our layout
            title: "Users Table",
            table {
                thead {
                    tr {
                        th { "ID" }
                        th { "Email" }
                tbody {
                    for user in users {
                        tr {
                            td {
                                img {
                                    src: format!("/static/{}",,
                                    width: "16",
                                    height: "16"
                                strong {
                            td {

The Finished Result

That was a lot of work to put images on the screen but don't forget we now have a typesafe way to access images.